Project showcase
Banana Piano

Banana Piano © GPL3+

An octave of bananas makes a piano!

  • 2,429 views
  • 2 comments
  • 5 respects

Components and supplies

A000066 iso both
Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
×1
12002 04
Breadboard (generic)
×1
Flat Ribbon Cable Jumper Wire, 30 cm
Use a group of 8 for the keys and additional single jumper wires for ground and +5V.
×1
Resistor 2.2 M Ohm, 1/4 Watt
×8
4415447 jg5sklyzsj
Resistor 220 ohm
×1
Speaker, 8 Ohm
Almost any speaker with a wired audio input can be used.
×1
Alligator Clips
Use one for each banana and additional leads for connections to speaker and to ground yourself.
×11

Apps and online services

About this project

I saw a YouTube video of a computer-interfaced keyboard with bananas for keys. I was challenged to build one and built it with my Arduino UNO.

Code

BananaPiano.inoC/C++
This is the main program to drive the banana piano. It uses pitches.h.
/*
  Banana Piano
  
  This code implements a single octave of a simple piano. It borrows from Tom Igoe's tone 
  example ( http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/Tone ) and uses his pitches.h include file for
  the note frequencies. The digital input pins and their corresponding notes are defined
  in arrays. Serial monitor output is provided to test key logic levels. 
  
  The digital inputs use 2.2 Meg Ohm pull-up resistors. The digital inputs are brought to
  logic level LOW by grounding the banana connected to each digital input. 

  Circuit:
  8 - 2.2 Meg Ohm pull-up resistors, connected to +5 V and each of the digital input pins
  1 - 220 Ohm resistor, connected from pin 12 to an 8 Ohm speaker
  
  R. Ballew, 31-Jan-2018                                                                                                                                         
  
*/
#include "pitches.h"

int numKeys = 8;
int digInput[] = { 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 };
int myNote[] = { NOTE_C4, NOTE_D4, NOTE_E4, NOTE_F4, NOTE_G4, NOTE_A4, NOTE_B4, NOTE_C5 };
int toneOut = 12;

void setup() {
  // Start serial connection
  Serial.begin(9600);
  // Configure digital input pins
  for (int i = 0; i < numKeys; i++) {
    pinMode(digInput[i], INPUT);
  }
  pinMode(toneOut, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
  //
  int keypressed = 0;
  for (int j = 0; j < numKeys; j++) {
    int sensorVal = digitalRead(digInput[j]);
    String outStr = String("K");
      outStr = String(outStr + j);
      outStr = String(outStr + ": ");
      outStr = String(outStr + sensorVal);
    if (sensorVal == LOW) {
      ++keypressed;  // increment keypressed
      digitalWrite(13, HIGH);
      tone(toneOut, myNote[j]);
    }
    //outStr = String(outStr + ":");
    //outStr = String(outStr + keypressed);
    Serial.print(outStr);
    Serial.print("\t");
  }
  Serial.println("");
  if (keypressed == 0) {
    noTone(toneOut);
  }
  delay(250);
}
pitches.hC/C++
pitches.h from Arduino IDE code examples
/*************************************************
 * Public Constants
 *************************************************/

#define NOTE_B0  31
#define NOTE_C1  33
#define NOTE_CS1 35
#define NOTE_D1  37
#define NOTE_DS1 39
#define NOTE_E1  41
#define NOTE_F1  44
#define NOTE_FS1 46
#define NOTE_G1  49
#define NOTE_GS1 52
#define NOTE_A1  55
#define NOTE_AS1 58
#define NOTE_B1  62
#define NOTE_C2  65
#define NOTE_CS2 69
#define NOTE_D2  73
#define NOTE_DS2 78
#define NOTE_E2  82
#define NOTE_F2  87
#define NOTE_FS2 93
#define NOTE_G2  98
#define NOTE_GS2 104
#define NOTE_A2  110
#define NOTE_AS2 117
#define NOTE_B2  123
#define NOTE_C3  131
#define NOTE_CS3 139
#define NOTE_D3  147
#define NOTE_DS3 156
#define NOTE_E3  165
#define NOTE_F3  175
#define NOTE_FS3 185
#define NOTE_G3  196
#define NOTE_GS3 208
#define NOTE_A3  220
#define NOTE_AS3 233
#define NOTE_B3  247
#define NOTE_C4  262
#define NOTE_CS4 277
#define NOTE_D4  294
#define NOTE_DS4 311
#define NOTE_E4  330
#define NOTE_F4  349
#define NOTE_FS4 370
#define NOTE_G4  392
#define NOTE_GS4 415
#define NOTE_A4  440
#define NOTE_AS4 466
#define NOTE_B4  494
#define NOTE_C5  523
#define NOTE_CS5 554
#define NOTE_D5  587
#define NOTE_DS5 622
#define NOTE_E5  659
#define NOTE_F5  698
#define NOTE_FS5 740
#define NOTE_G5  784
#define NOTE_GS5 831
#define NOTE_A5  880
#define NOTE_AS5 932
#define NOTE_B5  988
#define NOTE_C6  1047
#define NOTE_CS6 1109
#define NOTE_D6  1175
#define NOTE_DS6 1245
#define NOTE_E6  1319
#define NOTE_F6  1397
#define NOTE_FS6 1480
#define NOTE_G6  1568
#define NOTE_GS6 1661
#define NOTE_A6  1760
#define NOTE_AS6 1865
#define NOTE_B6  1976
#define NOTE_C7  2093
#define NOTE_CS7 2217
#define NOTE_D7  2349
#define NOTE_DS7 2489
#define NOTE_E7  2637
#define NOTE_F7  2794
#define NOTE_FS7 2960
#define NOTE_G7  3136
#define NOTE_GS7 3322
#define NOTE_A7  3520
#define NOTE_AS7 3729
#define NOTE_B7  3951
#define NOTE_C8  4186
#define NOTE_CS8 4435
#define NOTE_D8  4699
#define NOTE_DS8 4978

Schematics

Schematic
Banana Piano Circuit Schematic
Bananapiano schem 9zmloujir1

Comments

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