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Bipolar Stepper Motor Library

Bipolar Stepper Motor Library © GPL3+

This library controls and drives motion of all types of bipolar stepper motors with 2 phase (4 terminals).

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About this project

Previously, I have provided an Arduino library for unipolar type stepper motors. It perfectly controls speed, direction, number of revolutions, motor angle etc all the parameters of unipolar type stepper motors. But it was for only unipolar type stepper motors. As we know the stepper motor may be bipolar type also. But this library cannot control bipolar type stepper motor. So I have decided to develop another arduino library to control bipolar type stepper motor

So, here I present bipolar stepper motor library in Arduino for all bipolar type stepper motors. The library has 9 different functions that can be used to rotate and control motor as per the requirements. The library is design as per the industrial motioncontrol requirements. Here are some of the features of this library

1. Controls any bipolar stepper motor

2. Controls direction of rotation of motor

3. Accurately controls number of revolutions of motor like 1, 2, 3, 4,.....

4. Accurately controls motor speed in RPM with 95% accuracy

5. Accurately rotates motor to desire angle between 0 – 360o with 80-100% accuracy

6. Compatible with all arduino boards

The brief descriptions of all library functions are given here. Some examples are given afterwards that explains how motor is controlled using this library. One video is also given that shows the demonstration of these examples. At last, the circuit is suggested that uses L293D chip - widely used as H-bridge driver for DC motors as well as bi polar stepper motors.

To use this library in your arduino sketch, just copy the bi_polar_Stepper folder into the root directory of arduino library folder like C:\arduino-1.6.7\libraries

Description of library functions:

1) bi_polar_Stepper(intpin1, int pin2, int pin3, int pin4) - this will create an instance of bi_polar_Stepper in the arduino sketch with stepper motor driver pins. Means one has to specify arduino board pins that are used to drive stepper motor

2) set_step_per_rev(intsteps)- this function will set number of steps required by stepper motor to complete 1 revolution. Means it will set the step angle (step resolution) of the motor. One must enter step angle of motor for accurate control

3) set_RPM(int rpm) – this function will set the speed of motor in RPM and motor will rotate at selected speed with up to 95%accuracy

4) rotate_CW() - this function will start rotating motor clockwise. To rotate motor clockwise continuously one has to use this function in continuous loop

5) rotate_CCW() - this function will start rotating motor counter clockwise. To rotate motor counter clockwise continuously one has to use this function in continuous loop

6) rotate(int dir)- this function will rotate motor as per selected direction. If direction is given as 1 then motor will rotate clockwise and vice versa

7) rotate_one_rev(intdir)- this function will rotate motor exact 1 revolution in selected direction

8) rotate_n_rev(int dir, intnum)- this function will rotate motor required number of revolutions in selected directions

9) rotate_x_deg(int deg) – this function will rotate motor to desire angle from 0 – 360o in either direction with 80 –100% angle accuracy

Examples:

1) Rotate motor continuously in anyone direction at 60 RPM

/*this program will continuously rotate bipolar stepper motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev) at 60 RPM

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/12/16

*/

#include<bi_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 200 // change this steps as per motor

bi_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(8, 9, 10, 11);

int rpm = 60;

void setup()

{

// put your setup code here, to run once:

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("bipolar stepper motor library test program");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(rpm);

Serial.println("motor rotates clockwise");

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.rotate_CW();

}

2) Rotate motor one revolution clockwise and one revolution counter clockwise continuously

/*this program will rotate bipolar stepper motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev)

* as 1 revolution clockwise (CW) and one revolution

* counterclockwise (CCW) at 30 RPM continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/12/16

*/

#include <bi_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 200

bi_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(8, 9, 10, 11);

int rpm = 30;

void setup()

{

// put your setup code here, to run once:

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("bipolar stepper motor library test program created by Ashutosh Bhatt");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(rpm);

}

void loop()

{

Serial.println("motor rotates clockwise");

my_step_motor.rotate_one_rev(1);

delay(1000);

Serial.println("motor rotates anti-clockwise");

my_step_motor.rotate_one_rev(0);

delay(1000);

}

3) Rotate motor clockwise at 100 RPM and counter clockwise at 50 RPM continuously

/*this program will first rotate bipolar stepper motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev)

* clockwise(CW) for 2 revolutions at 100 RPM and then

* counterclockwise (CCW) for 2 revolutions at 50 RPM

*continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/12/16

*/

#include <bi_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 200

bi_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(2, 3, 4, 5);

int i;

void setup()

{

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Bipolar stepper motor library test program created by Ashutosh Bhatt");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.set_RPM(100);

for(i=0;i<100;i++) my_step_motor.rotate(1);

delay(2000);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(50);

for(i=0;i<100;i++) my_step_motor.rotate(0);

delay(2000);

}

4) Rotate motor 4 revolutions clockwise at 20 RPM and 2 revolutions counter clockwise at 10 RPM continuously

/*this program will first rotate bipolar stepper motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev)

* 4 revolutions clockwise (CW) at 20 RPM and then

* 2 revolutions counter clockwise (CCW) at 10 RPM

*continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/12/16

*/

#include <bi_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 200

bi_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(2, 3, 4, 5);

int i;

void setup()

{

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Unipolar stepper motor library test program created by Ashutosh Bhatt");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.set_RPM(20);

my_step_motor.rotate_n_rev(1, 4);

delay(2000);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(10);

my_step_motor.rotate_n_rev(0, 2);

delay(2000);

}

5)Rotate motor 90o clockwise and 90o anticlockwise continuously at 30 RPM

/*this program will rotate bipolar motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev) at 30 RPM to

* 90 deg CW and 90 deg CCW continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 22/10/16

*/

#include<bi_polar_Stepper.h>

#define motor_steps 200

bi_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(8, 9, 10, 11);

int rpm = 30;

void setup()

{

// put your setup code here, to run once:

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("bipolar stepper motor library test program");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(motor_steps);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(rpm);

Serial.println("motor rotates 90 deg back and forth");

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.rotate_x_deg(90);

delay(2000);

my_step_motor.rotate_x_deg(270);

delay(2000);

}

Note:-If the stepper motor is of higher current and voltage ratings then instead of L293D chip, we can use L298 chip or set of 4 separate Darlington transistors like TIP122, TIP142 etc can be used to drive stepper motors.

The given library and example programs along with above circuit are tested with following stepper motors

1) 2 phase bipolar motor with 5V, 100 RPM (MAX), 200 steps/rev (1.8o step angle)

2) 2 phase bipolar motor with 5V, 60 RPM (MAX), 200 steps/rev (1.8o step angle)

Code

Arduino Library for Bipolar Stepper motor C/C++
The library controls RPM, direction, revolutions, rotating angle of all types of bipolar stepper motor with 95% accuracy
No preview (download only).

Schematics

Bipolar Stepper Motor Controller using Arduino
This circuit drives and controls RPM, direction, rotating angle, number of revolutions of bipolar stepper motor
Bi polar stepper motor drive circuit for arduino yhzkxuhqv5

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