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Unipolar Stepper Motor Controlling Library

Unipolar Stepper Motor Controlling Library © GPL3+

This is Unipolar Stepper library in Arduino that gives different functionalities and rotates all unipolar type stepper motors.

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About this project

I decided to create a universal kind of arduino library for all unipolar stepper motors. My requirements are straight forward

· It should control any unipolar stepper motor with 4 phase

· It should control unipolar stepper motor with any step angle – step resolution

· It should accurately control stepper motor rotation, angle, RPM and direction

· There should be enough flexibility and facilities to control the stepper motor in any manner

So, here I present Uni polar Stepper library in Arduino for all unipolar type stepper motors having 4 phases. The library has 9 different functions that can be used to rotate and control motor as per the requirements.The library is design as per the industrial motion control requirements. Here are some of the features of this library

1. Controls any unipolar stepper motor with 4 phases

2. Controls direction of rotation of motor

3. Accurately controls number of revolutions of motor like 1, 2, 3, 4,.....

4. Accurately controls motor speed in RPM with 95% accuracy

5. Accurately rotates motor to desire angle between 0 – 360o with 80-100% accuracy

The brief descriptions of all library functions are given here. Some examples are given afterwards that explains how motor is controlled using this library. There are two videos given that shows the demonstration of these examples. At last, the circuit is suggested that uses UNL2003A chip - widely used to control unipolar stepper motors.

To use this library in your arduino sketch just copy the Uni_polar_Stepperfolder into the root directory of arduino library folder like C:\arduino-1.6.7\libraries

Description of library functions:

1) Uni_polar_Stepper(int pin1, int pin2, int pin3, int pin4) - this will create an instance of Uni_polar_Stepper in the arduino sketch with stepper motor driver pins. Means one has to specify arduino board pins that are used to drive stepper motor

2) set_step_per_rev(int steps)- this function will set number of steps required by stepper motor to complete 1 revolution. Means it will set the step angle (step resolution) of the motor. One has to enter step angle of motor for accurate control

3) set_RPM(int rpm) – this function will set the speed of motor in RPM and motor will rotate at same speed with up to 95% accuracy

4) rotate_CW() - this function will start rotating motor clockwise. To rotate motor clockwise continuously one has to use this function in continuous loop

5) rotate_CCW() - this function will start rotating motor counter clockwise. To rotate motor counter clockwise continuously one has to use this function in continuous loop

6) rotate(int dir)- this function will rotate motor as per selected direction. If direction is given as 1 then motor will rotate clockwise and vice versa

7) rotate_one_rev(int dir)- this function will rotate motor exact 1 revolution in selected direction

8) rotate_n_rev(int dir, int num)- this function will rotate motor required number of revolutions in selected directions

9) rotate_x_deg(int deg) – this function will rotate motor to desire angle from 0 – 360o in either direction with 80 – 100% angle accuracy

Examples:

1) Rotate motor continuously in any one direction at 60 RPM

/*this program will continuously rotate 4-phase unipolar stepper motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev) at 60 RPM

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/10/16

*/

#include<Uni_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 200 // change this steps as per motor

Uni_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(8, 9, 10, 11);

int rpm =60;

voidsetup()

{

// put your setup code here, to run once:

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Unipolar stepper motor library test program");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(rpm);

Serial.println("motor rotates clockwise");

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.rotate_CW();

}

2) Rotate motor one revolution clockwise and one revolution counterclockwise continuously

/*this program will rotate 4-phase unipolar stepper motor

* with 7.5 deg step angle (48 steps/rev)

* as 1 revolution clockwise (CW) and one revolution

* counter clockwise (CCW) at 30 RPM continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/10/16

*/

#include<Uni_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 48

Uni_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(8, 9, 10, 11);

int rpm = 30;

void setup()

{

// put your setup code here, to run once:

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Unipolar stepper motor library test program created by Ashutosh Bhatt");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(rpm);

}

void loop()

{

Serial.println("motor rotates clockwise");

my_step_motor.rotate_one_rev(1);

delay(1000);

Serial.println("motor rotates anti-clockwise");

my_step_motor.rotate_one_rev(0);

delay(1000);

}

3) Rotate motor clockwise at 100 RPM and counter clockwise at 50 RPM continuously

/*this program will first rotate 4-phase unipolar stepper motor

* with 7.5 deg step angle (48 steps/rev)

* clockwise (CW) for some revolutions at 100 RPM and then

* counter clockwise (CCW) for some revolutions at 50 RPM

* continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/10/16

*/

#include<Uni_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 48

Uni_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(2, 3, 4, 5);

int i;

void setup()

{

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Unipolar stepper motor library test program created by Ashutosh Bhatt");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.set_RPM(100);

for(i=0;i<100;i++) my_step_motor.rotate(1);

delay(2000);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(50);

for(i=0;i<100;i++)my_step_motor.rotate(0);

delay(2000);

}

4) Rotate motor 4 revolutions clockwise at 20 RPM and 2 revolutions counter clockwise at 10 RPM continuously

/*this program will first rotate 4-phase unipolar stepper motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev)

* 4 revolutions clockwise (CW) at 20 RPM and then

* 2 revolutions counter clockwise (CCW) at 10 RPM

* continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 12/10/16

*/

#include<Uni_polar_Stepper.h>

#define steps 200

Uni_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(2, 3, 4, 5);

int i;

void setup()

{

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Unipolar stepper motor library test program created by Ashutosh Bhatt");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(steps);

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.set_RPM(20);

my_step_motor.rotate_n_rev(1, 4);

delay(2000);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(10);

my_step_motor.rotate_n_rev(0, 2);

delay(2000);

}

5) Rotate motor 90o clockwise and 90o anticlockwise continuously at 30 RPM

/*this program will rotate 4-phase unipolar motor

* with 1.8 deg step angle (200 steps/rev) at 30 RPM to

* 90 deg CW and 90 deg CCW continuously

* created by Ashutosh Bhatt on 22/10/16

*/

#include<Uni_polar_Stepper.h>

# define motor_steps 200

Uni_polar_Stepper my_step_motor(8, 9, 10, 11);

int rpm = 30;

void setup()

{

// put your setup code here, to run once:

Serial.begin(9600);

Serial.println("Unipolar stepper motor library test program");

my_step_motor.set_step_per_rev(motor_steps);

my_step_motor.set_RPM(rpm);

Serial.println("motor rotates 90 deg back and forth");

}

void loop()

{

my_step_motor.rotate_x_deg(90);

delay(2000);

my_step_motor.rotate_x_deg(270);

delay(2000);

}

Code

Unipolar Stepper Motor library for ArduinoC/C++
This Library control motion of unipolar type stepper motor having 4 phases. it can control its RPM (speed), direction, angle of rotation etc. also it can rotate it in different modes like single-coil, double-coil, half step etc
No preview (download only).
Uni polar stepper motor libraryC/C++
this library controls RPM, direction, revolutions, angle of all types of uni polar stepper motor
No preview (download only).

Schematics

Unipolar Stepper motor controller using arduino
this circuit control unipolar type stepper motor using arduino and ULN2003A chip
Uni polar stepper motor with arduino c9rddtokab

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