Project tutorial

nRF24L01+ with ATtiny85 3 Pins © GPL3+

Sending and Receiving data with nRF24L01+ using only 3 pins of ATTiny85.

  • 48,309 views
  • 40 comments
  • 55 respects

Components and supplies

nRF24L01+
×2
ATtiny85
×1
A000066 iso both
Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
×1
Ceramic Capacitor - 10nF
×1
Carbon Film Resistor - 22kΩ
×1
Switching Diode - 1n4148
×1
Power Source - 3v3
×1
nRF24L01+ Socket Adapter
Optional
×1

About this project

This would be the continuation of my previous project Programming ATtiny85 with Arduino Uno. Now with cheaper ATtiny85 in place I was looking for cheaper ways to transmit the sensor data. Which brought me to nRF24L01+ a cheap, low power RF transceiver. This seemed to be the better solution for me. But there was one problem, limitation in number pins in ATtiny85. I can't connect both nRF24L01+ and the sensor in it. So I was looking out for solutions and came across "nrf24l01+ control with 3 ATtiny85 pins". Here I discuss how I implemented it.


Modules

There will be two modules in here transmitter and receiver. The transmitter would be a ATtiny85 sending some data and the receiver would be Arduino Uno receiving the data via nRF25L01+. I utilize the RF24 library (http://tmrh20.github.io/RF24/). Follow the instructions given there and add it to Arduino IDE before getting started with this. I won't be explaining much about RF24 as there is a very good documentation on it.


Transmitter

The transmitter transmits a incrementing number every second. The ATtiny85 will send the data via nRF24L01+ using only 3 pins. I follow the instructions given by Ralph Doncaster on implementing it. 

The components required would be

  • ATtiny85
  • nRF24L01+ 
  • Ceramic Capacitor - 10nF 
  • Carbon Film Resistor - 22kΩ
  • Switching Diode - 1n4148  

Upload the below code to ATtiny85 (refer my previous project Programming ATtiny85 with Arduino Uno if you want to know how)

Connect the components as shown below

If this is not clear refer the fritzing file attached with this project. Though rest of the nRF24L01+ 's pins are 5v tolerant you should always give 3v3 power to the Vcc or else you will damage it.

When power source is connected the transmitter will start sending sequence of number every 1 second.

Receiver

The receiver receives the data sent by the transmitter and received data can be seen in the Serial Monitor.

The components required would be

Upload the below code to Uno

Connect the components as shown below


If this is not clear refer the fritzing file attached with this project. Please note that Vcc should be always 3v3. In some Arduino Uno clones the 3v3 power might not have enough current which results in nRF24L01+ not working. Any one of the below methods are recommended to resolve this

  1. Use a separate 3v3 power supply
  2. Add a 10uF capacitor between Vcc and Gnd in the module itself.
  3. Use a  nRF24L01+ Socket Adapter


With the transmitter and receiver ready now it time to test. Make sure the power supply to transmitter in ON. Connect the Arduino Uno to PC and open serial monitor in arduino ide. Its should work as below

Making it Permanent

With my little knowledge in soldering I made it permanent using perfboard.

This is a simpler module to demonstrate how the nRF24L01+ and how we can utilize only 3 pins of ATtiny85 to connect it so that the rest of the pins are available for reading sensor data. Feedbacks/Suggestions are welcome.

Code

TransmitterC/C++
#define CE_PIN 3
#define CSN_PIN 3 //Since we are using 3 pin configuration we will use same pin for both CE and CSN

#include "RF24.h"

RF24 radio(CE_PIN, CSN_PIN);

byte address[11] = "SimpleNode";
unsigned long payload = 0;

void setup() {
  radio.begin(); // Start up the radio
  radio.setAutoAck(1); // Ensure autoACK is enabled
  radio.setRetries(15,15); // Max delay between retries & number of retries
  radio.openWritingPipe(address); // Write to device address 'SimpleNode'
}

void loop(void){
  payload++;
  radio.write( &payload, sizeof(unsigned long) ); //Send data to 'Receiver' ever second
  delay(1000);
}
ReceiverC/C++
#define CE_PIN 7
#define CSN_PIN 8

#include <SPI.h>
#include "RF24.h"

RF24 radio(CE_PIN, CSN_PIN);

byte address[11] = "SimpleNode";
unsigned long payload = 0;

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  radio.begin(); // Start up the radio
  radio.setAutoAck(1); // Ensure autoACK is enabled
  radio.setRetries(15,15); // Max delay between retries & number of retries
  radio.openReadingPipe(1, address); // Write to device address 'SimpleNode'
  radio.startListening();
}

void loop(void){
  radio.stopListening();
  radio.startListening();
  radio.read( &payload, sizeof(unsigned long) );
  if(payload != 0){
    Serial.print("Got Payload ");
    Serial.println(payload);
  }
  delay(1000);
}

Schematics

nRF24L01+ with ATtiny85 3 Pins
nRF24L01%2B(With%20Socket)%20Attiny85.fzz
nRF24L01+ with Arduino Uno
nRF24L01%2B%20Arduino%20Uno.fzz

Comments

Author

Face logo kgqz4zceit
Arjun Ganesan
  • 3 projects
  • 78 followers

Additional contributors

Published on

August 22, 2015

Members who respect this project

DefaultDefaultDefaultMember 243178627WchundakDefaultDefaultDefault

and 47 others

See similar projects
you might like

Similar projects you might like

Smart Access [Home/Office Automation]

Project in progress by Ajmal Muhammad P

  • 1,624 views
  • 5 comments
  • 7 respects

Internal Timers of Arduino

Project tutorial by Marcazzan_M

  • 5,129 views
  • 10 comments
  • 35 respects

SPCPM (Solar Powered City Pollution Monitor)

Project tutorial by 5 developers

  • 3,722 views
  • 0 comments
  • 18 respects

Mini CNC Laser Wood Engraver and Laser Paper Cutter

Project tutorial by Maggie Shah

  • 4,610 views
  • 0 comments
  • 27 respects

Smart Talking Humanoid Robot Just with Arduino!

Project tutorial by ashraf_minhaj

  • 790 views
  • 2 comments
  • 9 respects

Sigfox kWh Meter

Project tutorial by jassak

  • 4,864 views
  • 3 comments
  • 12 respects
Add projectSign up / Login