Project tutorial
Add Remote Control to Your Lamp

Add Remote Control to Your Lamp © GPL3+

Use an Arduino UNO, a Bluetooth chip and a high power relay to upgrade your lamp to be remotely controllable.

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Components and supplies

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About this project


Have you ever had to get up and turn off the lamp while your are about to fell asleep? Have you ever had to come into bedroom to turn off the lamp right before you are about to leave your apartment? I had such a problem simply because I am a forgetful person, and even though this happened to me many times, still can't I avoid happening again.

Recently I bought an Elegoo smart robot car kit. After playing with it for a while, I decided to use the components to do some practical projects instead of just toys. The kit has Bluetooth module, a cloned version Arduino UNO R3, and a shield to hook up Bluetooth chip and Arduino UNO. Why not build a remotely controllable lamp using these components? This is how the project starts.


At first I considered using some Relay shields on Arduino, but I don't dare to operate on the high power electric lines directly because of safety issue. After all I am a just a hobbyist, not an arsonist. Then I searched online and found a product that matches my needs, IoT High Power Realy. It is an extension cord with 4 power outlets, among which three of them can be programmed. One of the limits of the relay is that all three programmable ports are controlled by a single bit. But for a simple lamp control, it is enough.

The hookup is very easy. First assemble the shield to the Arduino UNO. Then connect Pin 13 and GND to the digital Input of the relay. The reason to use Pin 13 is because Pin 13 also connect the built-in LED. The LED can serve as a indicator light. Use a power adapter to provide 9V to Arduino.

After uploading the code, connect the Bluetooth chip to the shield. NOTE: while uploading the code to Arduino, please unplug the Bluetooth chip, because the Bluetooth chip uses the UART Serial interface to communicate with Arduino. Arduino UNO cannot talked to both Bluetooth chip and your computer using the same Serial port at the same time.

The last thing is to define the buttons in the ELEGOO BLE TOOL app. After installing the app, and enable the Bluetooth function in my iPhone. I click "connect" on the left top corner to let the software scan Bluetooth device. Connect the device HC-08. Then in the keyboard panel, keep pressing the blank button to define the function and message of the button. You can define whatever message you want to use, but it should be a single character. I use "k" as the message to turn on the switch, and "g" as the message to turn off the switch.

Now you can use the app to control your lamp.


Add Remote Control to Your LampC/C++
This program receives the message from the app through Bluetooth, and then turn on or turn off the relay switch accordingly.
/* Add Remote Control to Your Lamp
 *  This is the program to controll a lamp using an IoT relay and HC-08 BLuetooth chip.
 *  Author: littlelab
 *  Last update: 2018-07-08

char getstr; // to store the message from Bluetooth
bool state = LOW;  // Status of the switch

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);// in Arduino UNO, LED_BUILTIN = pin 13

void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
  getstr =;
  // if received message is to turn on the switch
  if (getstr == 'k'){
  // if received message is to turn off the switch
  else if (getstr == 'g'){


void turnOff(){
  state = LOW;
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, state);  

void turnON(){
  state = HIGH;
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, state);  


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