After commuting to work every day on my bicycle, I decided that I needed a better way to signal my turns. Sticking my arms out can be dangerous, especially if you're riding downhill in the rain (as is common in Vancouver).
I had recently got an Arduino and wanted to embark on my first project, so I decided to kill two birds with one stone!
I wanted something waterproof that I can use in the rain, and something detachable so it wouldn't get stolen, it needed to be detachable/wireless.
The plan was to have a couple of switches embedded into the handlebars (for power and for turn signal), use a Bluetooth transmitter (HC-05) for communication, and have an Arduino Nano to control it all with an 18650 lithium-ion battery (controlled with a 134N3P chip) for power. On the other end of the bike, there are two 8x8 LED matrices controlled by MAX7219 controllers, a Bluetooth receiver (HC-05), an ATMEGA328P chip to control all the components and an 18650 (or 14500) lithium-ion battery for power. I also added a Qi wireless charging receiver to charge the battery without opening the lights enclosure.
Here's a video!
A closeup of the case with all the gubbins:
If you don't like my boring arrows, make any indicator animation you want using my 8x8 LED byte generator found on my Github:Wiring diagrams
Diagram for handlebar/controller:
Diagram for the lights:Setup instructions:
- Set up the HC-05 Bluetooth modules to pair with each other using a master-slave setup (instructions).
- Other Bluetooth modules with similar functionality can be used.
- Upload code for the lights and the handlebars to the Arduino Nano (or any other ATMEGA328P based chip).
- Wire everything up according to the wiring diagrams.
- if using a reed switch to control power to the lights, you'll need a magnet.
- Reed switch to control power to the lights. If your case is too slim for a toggle switch (like my latest iteration) or you're worried about the waterproof-ness of the case, a reed switch could be used.
- A magnet attached to the light mount can turn the lights on and the lights can be turned off by taking the lights off the mount.
- Or a second magnet can be used to change the flux path and open the reed switch like so:
- Neopixel rings and jewels as a turn signal, like a car with the outer ring in red and the inner jewel lit up amber and flashing when turning.
- Add an accelerometer to detect slowing down and display a slowing down animation or flash amber lights.
Internals leaking out:
Note: Bluetooth module, Arduino Nano and PCB separated from battery by a long ~1m cable
Testing lights before gluing everything and closing the case:
It's working! Time to mount it to my bike:
Message me for more details if you want to make one for yourself.
Thanks for reading!
Old (thick) setup pics: